What is Internet of Things, How it Works and benifit of IOT


What is Internet of Things, How it Works and benefit of IOT, Internet users who have reached billions of people will continue to grow with the existence of the Internet of Things (IoT) system where not only communication devices and computers are connected to the internet but all electronic devices will be controlled by the internet or via wi-fi. Not only that, all physical items installed by electronic modules with control functions connected to the internet are the concept of the Internet of Things in general.

Definition of the Internet of Things (IoT)

Things mean everything, meaning that anything connected to the internet is included in the definition of the internet of things (IoT). This means that all physical goods that can be monitored and controlled remotely using the internet are IoT. This IoT concept will greatly encourage the development of big data and the use of data centers in Indonesia, therefore the government of the Republic of Indonesia has planned to build a centralized data center.

Concepts and Ways of Working the Internet of Things

This IoT concept is actually quite simple by working in reference to the 3 main elements of the IoT architecture, namely: Physical Goods equipped with IoT modules, Devices Connected to the Internet such as Modems and Wireless Speedy Routers like in your home, and Cloud Data Center where to store applications along with the database.

All uses of goods connected to the internet will store data, the data is collected as a ‘big data’ which can then be processed to be analyzed by government, companies, and foreign countries to be used for their own interests. This is where the important role of the government of the Republic of Indonesia in maintaining the resilience of the state from the side of the information system.

The function of the Internet of Things

With the main principle of IoT as a means that makes it easy to supervise and control physical goods, the IoT concept is very possible to be used in almost all daily activities, from the use of individuals, offices, hospitals, tourism, industry, transportation, animal concert , agriculture and livestock, to the government.

In this purpose, IoT has an important role in controlling electricity usage, so that electricity usage can be more economical according to needs ranging from the level of personal use to the industry. Of course, in addition to IoT saving goals, it can also be used as a means of business progress, with a monitoring system the business needs can be more measurable.


IoT is also very useful in automating all devices connected to the internet where the automation configuration can be adjusted easily without having to come to the location of the device. Good for security reasons for areas that are not possible for humans to enter, as well as for reasons of coverage of devices that will be controlled.

Benefits of the Internet of Things

Here are some of the benefits of IoT technology for various sectors.

Environmental Monitoring

IoT can be useful to “see” water conditions in real-time in reservoirs, irrigation for farmers to information water flow is still large or low, in the sea as disaster mitigation to sailors and fishermen. Making it easier for real sector actors to consider their needs more precisely.

Forest fires can also be prevented by an integrated fire prevention system, with reports of hotspots from satellites that are directly connected to the water spraying system at the point of fire location so that the fire can be put out faster.

Drinking Water Companies can also measure the level of water quality that will be channeled to customers so that they can further improve service quality and can measure the chemical needs of water purifiers.

Infrastructure Management

Like a train, ‘IoT’ can be used to detect the condition of a railroad track being safely crossed or not, so that it can open the lid of the train’s door automatically without having to worry that the train guard is sleeping.

As for road traffic, a congestion transfer system can be made possible. This means that if a road is jammed, then road users who aim at the jammed road can be switched automatically with an automatic signaling system, for example, if the arterial road is jammed while the toll road in the city is empty then one lane on the highway can be used free for public road riders.

For ports, IoT can be used to manifest thousands of items on a ship or container, so that manifest data can be more quickly available. And it is very possible for a port monitoring system that is useful both for port operators and for users.

Equipment Sensors

Most of the cost of consumption of equipment in mining is measured based on capacity and experience, with IoT mining companies can measure which equipment the BBM wants to run out, how much stock of fuel at the site, which equipment the oil must be replaced, etc. so that it can be measured quick and precise. This is very possible because IoT modules can provide information directly from machines or equipment in the mine. Such is the case in shipping, in industrial plants and of course in modern office IT infrastructure. Of course ‘IoT’ technology is very useful in monitoring the equipment used for company operations so that the needs of these devices can be more measurable and optimal.


Now medical equipment is more able to be connected to the internet so that it is easier to monitor, doctors can specifically monitor the patient’s condition without having to make a visit to the patient’s room. So that the cost of visiting a doctor to a patient can be reduced, imagine if you were treated in a hospital and every day you were visited by a doctor just given a smile or put his hand to your forehead then you have to pay Rp. 200,000 every ‘medical action’This, of course, is no longer needed if hospitals are required to carry out a centralized patient monitoring system, enough data on patients who can lead critically can be monitored in real-time by doctors even when they play golf. doctors can also be increased. This is in harmony with the mental revolution.

Building Automation and Housing

The Internet of Things that penetrates home users of electorates can make it easier for people to do a variety of things. For example, for the most wasteful of electricity such as split AC, if you forget to turn it off when the electricity costs continue like a waterfall … with home management applications then you can turn off the air conditioner and lights in your home or turn it back on before you arrive at home.

Office buildings can further optimize all existing facilities, both for electricity savings and for integrated building control. For example, a building with multi-tenants can further enhance its security with a fingerprint system for guests, guests for certain offices must give their fingerprints to the invitation data application to the office, so that when the guest office arrives, just put fingerprints on the gate the building until which elevator to use is specifically available.


The Big Data era has entered Indonesia, which will continue to grow dramatically with the entry of IoT components into Indonesia. The benefits of the Internet of Things are quite a lot for the people of Indonesia, but wise arrangements need to be made so as not to become something negative both on an individual scale to the national level.

The government needs to anticipate the need for data space for this big data era, with strategic planning in building free or neutral data centers from the interests of certain network operators, of course, the government can effectively achieve the goal of meeting the data center’s needs to better serve the community. Thank You.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here