Definition of Plagiarism


Plagiarism is the plagiarism or recognition of the work of others by someone who makes the work as his work. People who do plagiarism are called plagiarism/plagiarists. With such restrictions, plagiarism is theft (harsh language, piracy) and plagiarism is a thief (hijacker).

 · Definition of Plagiarism

 Plagiarism comes from two Latin words, which means plagiarism kidnapper, and plagiarism which means stealing. According to the Random House Dictionary Compact Unabridged, plagiarism is defined as “the use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of other authors and their representations as one’s original work. ” This is also considered a violation of scientific ethics and intellectual property by many academics.

Plagiarism in simple words steals the language and thoughts of others and passes it as someone’s original work. There are various types of plagiarism, reading about them to understand the types and ways that are done.

 1. Types of Plagiarism

1. Academic and journalistic plagiarism

Academic and journalistic plagiarism is the practice of old age. However, internet plagiarism is now rampant with the advent of the Internet, and plagiarism has taken on many new forms. Now it’s just about cut, copy, and paste, or repeat a little. But that copy!

 2. Complete Plagiarism:

Content that has been presented as itself, without any changes made to language, though, flow, and even punctuation is known as full plagiarism. Many academics believe that it is generally the work of people who are incompetent in certain subjects, or just lazy to try.

 3. Partial plagiarism:

When the content presented is a combination of two to three different sources, where the use of repeating and synonyms is rampant, it is known as partial plagiarism. Here, the author uses some originality, but inadequate knowledge of certain subjects is a common reason for the occurrence of partial plagiarism.

 4. Minimalist plagiarism:

Here, the writer of the plagiarist is someone else’s concepts, ideas, thoughts, or opinions in their own words and in different schools. Although many do not consider this as plagiarism (maybe someone did it!), It is considered to steal someones of study or thought. Minimalist plagiarism involves a lot of paraphrasing

 5. Source of Quotation:

When source information is complete with a quote provided, it does not amount to plagiarism. However, the source definition of complete citations varies considerably. Some authors cite the source name but do not provide other accessible information. While some easily provide false references, some only combine their information with original writing. A ghostwriter is a perfect example of a plagiarist. Here the author feels free to source information and reproduces it as their own.

6. Self-plagiarism:

A form of plagiarism that may be most contested as “that” and “no”.Using one’s own work, fully or partially, or even the same mind and re-writing it is known as self-plagiarism by many people. Publishing the same material through different media without reference is true is a very common habit among many writers. Content on many sites is a perfect example of self-plagiarism

In the book Indonesian Language, An Introduction to Scientific Writing, Felicia Utorodewo et al. classify the following as an act of plagiarism.

Recognize other people’s writing as their own writing,

Recognize other people’s ideas as their own thoughts

Recognize the findings of others as their own

Recognizing group work as belonging or own results,

Presenting the same writing on different occasions without mentioning its origin

Summarize and paraphrase (indirect quoting) without mentioning the source, and

Summarize and paraphrase by mentioning the source, but the set of sentences and the choice of words is still too the same as the source.

Which is classified as plagiarism:

use other people’s writing raw, without giving a clear sign (for example by using quotes or different paragraph blocks) that the text is taken exactly from other writings

take other people’s ideas without giving enough annotations about the source

Which is not classified as plagiarism:

use information in the form of general facts.

rewrite (by changing sentences or paraphrasing) other people’s opinions by providing clear sources.

quote sufficiently the writing of another person by giving a boundary sign clearly the quotation section and writing the source.

2. Laws that regulate Plagiarism

Plagiarism itself is an intentional or unintentional act of obtaining a value for scientific work, by quoting a part or all of the work and/or scientific work of others, without expressing the source appropriately and adequately (Permendiknas No. 17 of 2010, Article 1 Paragraph 1 )

The reason for doing Plagiarism itself might be because of someone’s urgency for his assignment or not having the time to work so delaying the delay until the end then thinking so that the writing is good. for that to take words without quoting the name of the source is not recommended and such actions violate the ethics of making a work.

And this violation is also regulated in law number 19 of 2002 concerning copyright. as the law governing this plagiarism is a criminal act.

below the law clearly regulates it

 1. Article 72 paragraph (1):

“Whoever intentionally and without the right to do the deeds as referred to in Article 2 paragraph (1) or Article 49 paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall be sentenced to imprisonment of at least 1 (one) month and/or a minimum fine Rp. 1,000,000.00 (one million rupiahs), or a maximum imprisonment of 7 (seven) years and/or a fine of a maximum of Rp. 5,000,000,000.00 (five billion rupiah) “.

where Article 2 paragraph (1) is:

“Copyright is an exclusive right for the Creator or Copyright Holder to announce or reproduce his work, which arises automatically after a work has been created without reducing restrictions according to the applicable laws and regulations”.

2. Article 12

Sanctions for students who are proven to do plagiarism as intended in Article 10 paragraph (4), in sequence from the lightest to the hardest consisting of:

– rebuke

– Written warning

– Delay in giving as student rights

– Cancellation of the value of one or several courses obtained by students.

– Resignation from the status of a student

– Dismissal is not respectful of status as a student or;

– Cancellation of a diploma if a student has graduated from a program.


I think plagiarism is an act that is not good and not feasible to implement because besides this is an action that recognizes the work of others, plagiarism makes us not develop because it makes us lazy to think more creatively and original plagiarism is very detrimental to the party who created it works and harms users.



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